Jaisalmer

Jaisalmer Tour

Jaisalmer is said to have been founded by 12th century Rajput king Rawal Jaisal in 1156 who made it his capital city and named it Jaisalmer after himself. The majority inhabitants of Jaisalmer are Bhati Rajputs who are believed to be the descendants of Bhatti, a warrior clan originally from Punjab. Forced to leave their place, Bhattis find settlement in desert which from then on became their home.

Bhati Rajputs found strong rivals in the form of Rathor clans of Jodhpur and Bikaner. They were often involved in skirmishes for wresting control over forts and water bodies.

The geographical location of Jaisalmer and the natural protection provided by the vast desert ensured that the city never bore the brunt of Muslim invasions and conquest in medieval India. The city was however under siege on three occasions and was desecrated twice.

The firs siege of the city took place in 1294 in the reign of Alauddin Khilji who desecrated the place which remained abandoned before the surviving Bhati Rajputs (then the rulers of the place) reoccupied it.

The late 14th century once again saw Jaisalmar being besieged, this time by Sultan Ferozshah which led to the demolishing of the place for the second time.

16th century saw the place under siege by an Afghan Amir Ali. He was however, defeated in the ensuing battle and blown up by a cannon.

Though Jaisalmer did have its share of conflicts with Mughals as well however, one of its rulers Sahal Singh extended his kingdom towards North up to Surej River and towards West up to river Indus. His effort to extend his kingdom in East brought him in direct conflict with Anup Singh of Bikaner who lost the battle to Maharawal Amar Singh.

However, the peace in the region was only restored in the reign of Maharawal Akhai Singh. Though this period saw intermittent conflict yet Jaisalmer saw growth and prosperity with both the ruling family as well as the merchants making some imposing palaces and havelis.

Secluded and isolated location of Jaisalmer ensured that it suffered very little from the invasion of Marathas which ravaged other kingdoms of the region. However, till the time Maharaja Mulraj ascended the throne Jaisalmer was subjected to rapid decline losing a number of its provinces to the Rathor clans of Bikaner and Jodhpur.

The stability in the region was achieved under the stewardship of Maharawal Mulraj. He signed a treaty with the British in 1818 which gave a protective shield to the region from any invasion. Jaisalmer was amongst the last states in Rajputana to have signed a pact with British. This prove to be their savior in 1829 when British helped avert a war with Bikaner and 10 years later when Jaisalmer was in danger of invasion from Afghans.

Independence of India saw the merger of Jaisalmer along with other princely states in the Indian Union. The partition of the country hit Jaisalmer hard as all its trade routes were closed and it was reduced to a draught prone desert backwater of the country. However, the positioning of Jaisalmer gave it a strategic importance and led to the construction of a major army base.

Rajasthan Canal constructed later revived Jaisalmer and neighboring desert areas. Also the opening up of a paved road in 1958 and construction of a railroad in 1968 connected to this remote city to the rest of Rajasthan.

Though Jaisalmer has always been a far flung, remote area yet the place has several artistic structures and monuments of great historical importance. Jaisalmer's mud fortress dating back to medieval eras well as the walled township attracts tourists from far and wide. Visitors can also enjoy the camel safari in the wilderness and calm of desert.

The villages nearby are perfect for understanding what rural life in Rajasthan is all about. You can get yourself clicked with the locals as well as purchase unique local goods and carry them as a gift to friends and relatives back home.

Contact Us

Address

  • Address :Dhruv Rajasthan Tours- DELHI 68 Ber Sarai, Top Floor Near JNU CAMPUS New Delhi – 110016
  • Mob: +91-11-60500051 (India)
  • Mob: +91-9818191035 (India)

Testimonial

I booked a travel package of Rajasthan for me and my friend. It was a 15 day trip of India's desert state. Most of the cities we visited were well connected with national highways, providing us the easy accessibility of various places. However, some areas were congested making for us difficult to reach on time that may be because of development works on going on places. We loved our heritage hotel stays at Jaipur and Udaipur. We enjoyed the excursions of remote villages and desert. Good execution of trip.

Samuel, Newyork

I booked a travel package of Rajasthan for me and my friend. It was a 15 day trip of India's desert state. Most of the cities we visited were well connected with national highways, providing us the easy accessibility of various places. However, some areas were congested making for us difficult to reach on time that may be because of development works on going on places. We loved our heritage hotel stays at Jaipur and Udaipur. We enjoyed the excursions of remote villages and desert. Good execution of trip.

JHON

I booked a travel package of Rajasthan for me and my friend. It was a 15 day trip of India's desert state. Most of the cities we visited were well connected with national highways, providing us the easy accessibility of various places. However, some areas were congested making for us difficult to reach on time that may be because of development works on going on places. We loved our heritage hotel stays at Jaipur and Udaipur. We enjoyed the excursions of remote villages and desert. Good execution of trip.

JHON